Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the authorities responsible where the work was carried out.
Copyrights for articles are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. Authors have rights to reuse, republish, archive, and distribute their own articles after publication. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. Authors shall permit the publisher to apply a DOI to their articles and to archive them in databases and indexes such as EBSCO, DOAJ, and ProQuest.
The publisher and journals have a zero-tolerance plagiarism policy. We check the issue using two methods: a plagiarism prevention tool and a reviewer check.
Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word format and submitted online to
The editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication. If you have any questions, please contact the editor of the journal.
Paper Selection and Publication Process
a) Submission Acknowledgement
When you submit a manuscript online, you will receive a submission acknowledgement letter. For email submission, the editor or editorial assistant sends an e-mail confirmation to the submission’s author within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, please check your bulk email box or contact the editorial assistant.
b) Basic Review
The editor or editorial assistant determines whether the manuscript fits the journal’s focus and scope. Next a check for the similarity rate is done. Any manuscripts out of the journal’s scope or containing plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, are rejected.
c) Peer Review
We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymous. The submitted manuscript will be reviewed by at least two experts: one editorial staff member as well as one to three external reviewers. The review process may take two to four weeks.
d) Decision Is Made
The decision to accept or reject an article is based on the suggestions of reviewers. If differences of opinion occur between reviewers, the editor-in-chief will weigh all comments and arrive at a balanced decision based on all comments, or a second round of peer review may be initiated.
e) Notification of the Result of Review
The result of review will be sent to the corresponding author and forwarded to other authors.
f) Publication Notice
The authors and readers will be notified and invited to visit our website for the newly published articles.
Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:
Title; abstract; keywords (indexing terms, normally three-to-six items); introduction; material studied, area descriptions, methods, and/or techniques; results; discussion; conclusion; acknowledgements; references.
Cite the work of those individuals whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work. They may provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data. Citation of an article implies that you have personally read the cited work. In addition to crediting the ideas of others that you used to build your thesis, provide documentation for all facts and figures that are not considered common knowledge. You may use either Chicago Manual or APA style for citation in your manuscripts.